Strategic Management: Formulation and Implementation


Organizing is the managerial function of making sure there are available the resources to carry out a plan. "Organizing involves the assignment of tasks, the grouping of tasks into departments, and the allocation of resources to departments" (Richard Daft) Managers must bring together individuals and tasks to make effective use of people and resources. Three elements are essential to organizing:

  • Developing the structure of the organization
  • Acquiring and training human resources
  • Establishing communication patterns and networks
  • Determining the method of grouping these activities and resources is the organizing process.


    Leading is another of the basic function within the management process "Leading is the use of influence to motivate employees to achieve organizational goals" (Richard Daft). Managers must be able to make employees want to participate in achieving an organization's goals. Three components make up the leading function:

    The leading process helps the organization move toward goal attainment.